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 日本に関係していた 冶金の男 
モンゴル北部、ダルハン(Дархан Darkhan)に建っている鉄の像を見つけた。

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Төмөр хүний хөшөө (Statue of iron) Google Street View
写真は、angara.netより借用。

■モンゴルは世界で最も人口密度の低い国だが、世界で最も高い経済成長率を誇っている。 カシミアの世界総生産量の25%以上を生産していて、労働者全体の3分の1は農林水産業に携わっている。 GDPに占める農林水産業の割合は約14%。 ところがGDP第一位は鉱工業で、20%を占める。 広大な草原での牧畜がモンゴル経済の基幹産業だと思い込みがちだが、世界最大級の鉱物資源埋蔵量を誇り、石炭や銅、金、蛍石、鉄鉱石、レアアース等の採掘が経済成長の柱となっている

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Төмөртэйн орд (トゥムルティ鉱床 Google Maps)

■鉄鉱石の推定埋蔵量は10億トンで、実際に採掘可能なのは6億トンらしい。 (最新情報では、21億超の埋蔵量) モンゴル北端のセレンゲ県にはトゥムルティ(Tumurtei)鉱床、トゥムルトルゴイ(Tumur Tolgoin)鉱床、バヤンゴル(Bayangol)鉱床がある。 ダルハンの東北東 約100kmのトゥムルティだけで、埋蔵量は2.6億トン。 このような背景の基、ウランバートルの北方約200kmに位置するダルハンは、1993年より冶金の町として発展し、モンゴル第二位の都市(12万人)になっている。

Youtube Darkhan Metallurgical Plant (2016/12/19 に公開)

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Darkhan Metallurgical Plant (Google Maps Home Page)
写真は、Youtube Ган урсгал(鉄の流れ)より借用。

ダルハン郊外にはモンゴル最大の国営製鉄所 Darkhan Metallurgical Plantがあり、日本の支援を得て1993年に竣工。 建設費は8,000万米ドル。 鉄鉱石の製錬や鉄のスクラップから年間100万トンの粗鋼を生産する。 この工場へ向かう道路と幹線道路のT字路に冒頭の鉄人が立っている。 リバティ島の自由の女神が送り主のフランスを向いていないのと同様に、ダルハンの鉄人は日本に向いていない。

※ 日本の政府開発援助ODAが製鉄所の建設に関与しているか否かを外務省のホームページで調べてみたが、掲載が無かった。 残念ながら、経済、技術支援の詳細は分からない。

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写真は、Youtube Ган урсгалより借用。

イメージ 1
写真は、olloo.mnより借用。


<参考サイト>
uuluurhai.mn Төмөр толгойн төмрийн уурхай жилд нэг сая тонн баяжмал үйлдвэрлэнэ (Iron head iron mine will produce one million tonnes of concentrate per year)
wikimon.mn Дархан төмөрлөгийн үйлдвэр (Darkhan Metallurgical Plant, Law break)

Youtube
 (Darkhan Metallurgical Plant - Khandgait Iron)

1946年にロシア語のキリル文字が導入されたが、約10年前より小中学校では伝統的なモンゴル文字を教えている。 モンゴル文字の文章を翻訳し、理解するのは大変だ。

.jetro.go.jp Geology, Mining and Petroleum Sector (2015)

Төмөр хүний эрэлд гарсан нь a search of the iron man
June 21-22 EU seeks Association of Steel producers and iron ore concentrators days Darkhan, Selenge

Briefly
 150 people work in the use of building commissioning.
 Mongolian winter conditions wet processing plant work.
 But the advantage of this time, in both winter and summer ajillakhaaraa.

 First, wet concentrate out then we are working step by step fodder production, as well as middle-class steel plant objectives.

 Refining water and power sources depending on the product caused problems on the cost of rising and enterprises.

 In the week of March 21-22 rain ruins is intended ferrous industry, iron ore concentrators Darkhan, Selenge.
 O traffic away from the sun erted to go in search of iron moving Ulaanbaatar.  total coal exports of our country, 27.0% and 20.3% copper concentrate and iron ore accounted for 16.9 percent.  / National Statistical Office as of May 6, 2013 /
 The total geological reserves of 1 billion tons of iron available for use is estimated that approximately 600 million.  But Darkhan "Tumurtein" alone has reserves of 260 million tons of iron ore deposits.
 Even though a little digging to concentrate exports can not be valued significantly, shipments to China should continue to seek a different way.  This viewpoint Association of Steel Producers metallurgical industry, processing plans to build courage to make the next level was determined, wet concentrator plant.  no wet processing to improve our development of metallurgical industry is able to produce up to one-by-step approach, machinery manufacturing, iron nails and doors.
 To do this, first had to learn the experience was a wet concentrate on industries groups in Darfur Darkhan, Selenge, from iron deposits in search of it.
 At the end of the city went driving around in a full 2 ​​hours and 30 minutes, we found the iron man.
 set up by the Japanese 20 years ago, the DMP, which is still just that today.
 The plant is a state-owned company had yet to melt scrap metal and building fixtures.
 Statue of iron.  Darkhan Metallurgical Plant history of the first steel melting in 1993
 We enter the production was carried out for defense Hard hat mandatory times Junior.  The plant, parts of that network, smelting shop and foundry manufacturing plant currently produces scrap metal smelting, construction rebar.
 Factory core to enter the scrap iron welcomed us.  After the boiler, oxygen stations passed, wet enrichment came in the Construction Industry.  Construction work is going to 40% is expected to be operational next year.  information this morning n.Dambaravjaa engineer spike Darkhan Metallurgical Plant.
 -Noiton enrichment plant is of no importance?
 Scrap iron will of independence.  This flagship project is being implemented in our factory.  Project implementation will be capable of processing one million tons of iron ore a year.  One of them is the number for Mongolia.  Ore was put into operation wet concentrator plant will be able to enrich the contents above 65 percent.  After direct reduction may be able to do that moving against the Darkhan Metallurgical Plant is not only the next level rebar and steel cast away sulfur-built factory.
 - How to solve the water problem iron ore processing.  Water issues are very serious?
 Prospect over the railway, and that can make three wells
 The right side of the spike engineer n.Dambaravjaa
 considered.  and in swimming pools.  turning used, 70 percent of the available water.  It is now to draw power and heat, and ramps up to full capacity next year.  This year's autumn buildings are expected to be assembled and completed installation of equipment.
 90% of study is further purification turning khüürtel plan.
 What is a -Noiton how many jobs will use enrichment plant?
 150 people work in the use of building commissioning.  Mongolian winter conditions wet processing plant work.  But the advantage of this time, in both winter and summer ajillakhaaraa.
 Wet processing was showing factory behind the railway has actually preferred.
 a very effective development of rail that country, folk life and actions.  All the equipment and machines involved are charged iron.  ranging baiguulamjnaas all major buildings are steel.  That is very important to use our iron ore and processed to produce the final stage, to develop steel cast iron plant.  For a steel cast iron plant matures all benefit from agriculture, farming and food industry, small and medium enterprises along has been proven in the world.
 That search came to our factory the next part in the Smelter.
 Darkhan Metallurgical Plant, Smelting Plant
 It is very hot and carrying 28-30 tons of pot scrap, 1,700 degrees tsyelist dissolves.
 25 tons of corrugated 28-30 tnnyg to produce liquid metal.  Additional lasts materials and melting 35-45 minutes, three tons of spent fuel per day.  50-ton crane to move to the continuous casting machine, where that time and 250 tnn liquid metal melt days.
 It felt very hot.  When pan down very unusual to have a noise.  Equipment hot water cooled khörgöödög why are handling the heat.
 After review, the Darkhan Metallurgical Plant near our travel team visited the wet processing plant on Dasko "Company."  The plant was built two years ago.
 The plant is capable of running an annual capacity of 200 thousand tons, and exported about 100 thousand tons of concentrate.
 around the plant in Darkhan Tumurtein deposits such as SGS, said enrichment engineer n.Dambaravjaa that all week.
 "Hun Steele LLC Filtering Daskotoi the same, just press"
 "Hun Steele Co."
 is different from a water tyekhnologiorooo.  This is a solution that can solve the water problem.
 Our research team travel experience for engineers to enrich always going interested by it.
 So the journey continues, leaving the city of Darkhan, further fleet steering zallaa in Selenge province.
 during a sunset ride again and forest green eyes aldam and woodland beside gishgüülseer came up with the nation's biggest iron ore miner, "Bold Yeruu key Ltd mine."
 We are very welcoming friendly.  "Bold Iron Yeruu Core LLC fortifier" Congratulations spoke briefly engineer Kh.Möngöntei.
 Please introduce -Kompania?
 Our company is in the 2004-2007 regular resources, conducting detailed exploration of Bayangoliin geologic deposit of iron ore in 2007 and production began to spike jobs.  Currently running dry method processing industries.  We are planning to build a wet processing plant in the near future.
 - In general, Spike is crucial to ensure the mining industry and infrastructure.  How do you solve this problem?
 That's right.  Our company established ways of nature 98-kilometer rail may adversely affect low eco transport and use.  And the electric energy supply is solved, download the current 2kh25 myegavaityn high-voltage lines.  east of Selenge aimag secure grip full use of the line
 "Bold Yeruu major spike" LLC engineers Kh.Möngön
 is the power supply.
 The company has more than 1,100 employees.  Assuming 1 4-5 staff members, our families 4000-5000 is recommended servings largest economy funding for community life.  We are running the company for the production of the next development of wet processing plant quality establishment embodied as a sustainable and value-skilled jobs of public goods.
 In your company is the largest iron ore miner in Mongolia.  Other small-scale mines are now trying to build a wet processing plant.  Can you able to work in cooperation with them?
 Most companies engaged in production, processing and export of iron ore in the Mongolian party has been jointly established the "Union of Mongolian metals producer."  And with 10 companies and founded the Union "Mongolian Steel Group LLC."
 According to the association is working with many organizations in the development of the black iron ore processing and metallurgical industry.  And the Association tour with the step-by-step implementation of the member institutions, and study the practices, organizing training courses and meetings are happy to give member organizations technical advice.
 How do you imagine -Tömörlög industrial development?
 It is believed that the key to domestic development of iron.  Iron developed to a certain stage of the economy
 JOURNEY
 As used.  First, wet concentrate out then we are working step by step fodder production, as well as middle-class steel plant objectives.  Preliminary studies have been made in this area.
 For that we need governmental support for the steel industry to meet domestic demand.
 What matters is facing -Tömriin ore processing?
 Outotec and Trio, and companies such as Eriez is working with the reintroduction of advanced technologies to the spike in Mongolian.  Using a technology that offers nökhlöör only cheap Chinese technology economy more favorable economic potential third countries, rather than think that it is possible to enhance minerals processing and to increase the economic capacity of the company.
 The water, how do you solve the energy problem?
 Although less difficult than the Gobi area, wet processing plant for local forested area, it is important to introduce a well-studied plants and re-use of water recycling technology.
 For the enterprise connected to high voltage power MNT 1 100 kilowatts of electricity while using cost and manufacturing diesel generator power source 1 kilowatt of electricity costs is of a higher cost of MNT 400-500.  Refining water and power sources depending on the product caused problems on the cost of rising and enterprises.  So I think that invested glorify find the power of government policy and support solutions.
 For Tömölögiin expand operations units in industrial areas farming operations Personally, I support is no longer welcome.
 Indeed, they compound.  Therefore, the Union-ferrous industry.  This trip, we discussed our concentrators at the end of the wet processing plant and infrastructure to deal with the structure and future tulgamdakh problems.
 Iron ore is third, with mining exports and making the required standards are adjusted and improved concentrate grades and wet concentrate and manufacturers, and government targets.  This time I say Metallurgical Association that the visit is of great importance to travel below.
 They have been working shuluudan decision no desire at all to export raw and supplemented as of the valuable resources of the country, adding value, and the final product.
 What a trip demonstrated strong fill this campaign harness the Mongols could join and ends here.
 Ulaanbaatar, thus swaying khaliuran drove quickly toward the middle of farmland.

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