平井俊顕 (ひらい・としあきToshiaki Hirai)ブログ

資本主義・経済学・ケインズ・ケンブリッジ学派・社会哲学・マクロ経済学・経済学方法論

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ロムニーの税政策 − 富裕層のさらなる優遇と根拠のないミドル・クラス負担増なし宣言

ロムニーは大統領になったら、次の3つのことを行うと述べている。

1.すべての税率の20%削減。最富裕層の場合、いまの35%が28%になる。このなかにはロムニー自身も含まれている。

2.上記の結果、減少する国家収入の埋め合わせを税の抜け穴を埋めることで達せする(これをロムニーは「収入中立」と称している)。しかしロムニーは
住宅ローンの利子減税および投資保護には手をつけないと述べている。かといって、ではどこを対象にするのかについてロムニーは明示していない。

(tax break or tax credit are sometimes called "tax expenditure")

3. ミドル・クラスへの増税はしない

この3つを同時に行うことは不可能である。しかも富裕層への減税だけが明記され、かつ投資(金融投資)も保護されている。しかし2と3については何も具体的なことが述べられていない。

ロムニーの政策は富裕層保護政策であることだけが鮮明になっている。

これはオバマがミドル・クラスの保護を訴えているのと際立った対象をなしている。オバマはブッシュ減税を年収25万ドル(2000万円)以下には継続し、それ以上の階層にはいまの35%から39.6%に引きあげる(クリントン政権時の率)と公言している。
(昨年も同様の主張をしていたが、共和党の反対により、ブッシュ減税はそのまま延長されてきている。それが年末に切れることになる。そのときにロムニーは35%から28%に引き下げるといっているわけだ。

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Romney’s Tax Plan Leaves Key Variables Blank
Jim Wilson/The New York Times
Mitt Romney leaving his campaign office on Sunday in Boston. He says his tax plan takes aim at loopholes and deductions.
By ANNIE LOWREY and DAVID KOCIENIEWSKI
Published: September 9, 2012 NYT

WASHINGTON — If any single question can be said to dominate the presidential campaign, it is whether the conservative policies advocated by Mitt Romney would help or hurt the middle class. And no issue hits the heart of that question more than taxes.

Mr. Romney says no middle-income Americans will have their tax bill go up if he is president. President Obama says the average middle-class family would pay as much as $2,000 a year more under the Romney plan.
It is a conflict that grew in prominence during the party conventions and that both sides intend to push from now until Election Day. And it has focused sharper attention on what many experts agree is one of the tax code’s biggest problems: an array of tax breaks totaling more than $1 trillion a year.
The breaks cover activities as varied as cutting timber, providing health insurance to employees, selling stock and buying a home, making them popular with powerful constituencies and voters. But many economists say the tax breaks are inefficient and even distort the economy.
Mr. Romney has pledged to cut individual income tax rates for everyone, and to do it without increasing the federal budget deficit or putting new tax burdens on middle-income people to make up for the lost revenues from the rate cuts. But he has provided no further specifics, confounding analysts and leaving himself open to attack from Democrats.
Asked on the NBC program “Meet the Press” on Sunday which tax deductions he would eliminate, he said only that he would target “some of the loopholes and deductions at the high end” while lowering the “burden on middle-income people.”
Democrats — as well as a broad range of economists from the left, right and center — say that the consequence of ending tax breaks substantial enough to offset the lost revenue from income tax rate cuts would be to hurt middle-class Americans.
Many independent analysts contend that the only way to raise the revenue Mr. Romney is talking about would be to eliminate breaks like the preferential treatment of investment income or the mortgage-interest deduction.
Their position is central to the Democrats’ argument that eliminating tax breaks — called tax expenditures because they often function like government spending programs — would hit the middle class the hardest.

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